DATA FOR DEVELOPMENT
YEAR STARTED: 2017
Displacement monitoring and mobility indicators to support disaster response and preparedness in Mozambique
Mozambique has an estimated 30.37 million people and 60% of the population is at risk of water-related hazards. The World Bank estimates that Mozambique’s GDP growth is reduced by 1.1% annually due to flooding. Mozambique is the third most vulnerable GDP to disasters in Africa. The country was the worst hit by Cyclone Idai, with 602 deaths, 1.8 million people affected, and $773 million in damage.
The government of Mozambique has been more reactive than proactive in terms of managing disasters, so has sought to use real-time data to generate insights that can help it prepare for and manage natural disasters.
The data models have strengthened the capacity of the INGC to respond to natural disasters, help the population, and mitigate potential impacts of climate change.
The demonstration model on the use of mobile network data for disaster response and preparedness has since stimulated the establishment of an open data project by the government of Mozambique. The open data concept was presented to Parliament in 2020. The aspiration is for the data models developed for disaster response and preparedness in this maiden demonstration to be replicated across other development sectors such as health, education, and transportation, among others. Subsequently, the government’s aspiration is to institutionalize routine use of the data models through the National Statistics Office.
The specific results of this project have been reserved for the Department of Disaster Management. They have not been made public in consideration of security concerns regarding the insurgency in the northern province of Cabo Delgado.
DIAL convened a diverse range of stakeholders, including donors, multilaterals, NGOs, and the government, to undertake the Mozambique data demonstration model.